Thyroid cancer occurs when abnormal cells begin to grow in the thyroid gland. A persistent lump in the neck is also common with this type of cancer. Fortunately, thyroid cancer is often diagnosed before the disease has a chance to spread, which means most people respond very well to the treatment. In fact, the 25-year survival rate for patients with common types of thyroid cancer is 95 percent.
Approximately 56,000 new cases of thyroid cancer are diagnosed each year in the United States. Thyroid cancer is the most common cancer in women ages 15-29 and the second most common — behind breast cancer — for women ages 30-39.
What are the symptoms of thyroid cancer?
The symptoms of thyroid cancer are typically subtle. Review the list of common symptoms below, so you know when to seek medical attention:
- Persistent lump in the neck
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- Pain in the front of the neck extending toward the ears
- Pain in the throat
- Persistent hoarseness
- Difficulty swallowing
- Difficult breathing
- Persistent cough unrelated to a cold
- Diarrhea not associated with another ongoing illness
What are the risk factors associated with thyroid cancer?
You may be at an increased risk for thyroid cancer if you:
- Are female and over the age of 40
- Are male and over the age of 60
- Have had exposure to high levels of radiation
- Are of Asian descent
- Have certain hereditary conditions, like Gardner syndrome, Cowden disease or Carney complex type I
- Consume a low-iodine diet
- Have other medical conditions like Gardner syndrome
- Have a family history of thyroid disease or thyroid cancer
If you are looking for skilled, compassionate thyroid cancer treatment in central Jersey, please contact Astera Cancer Care today at 732-390-7750. Our cancer specialists have extensive experience caring for and treating thyroid cancer.